Sirhind Fatehgarh is a town in Punjab that is well-known for its robust past and the sacred importance it amasses for the Sikh community. Furthermore called Gurumaari, this town has been colonized for a long time and the numerous notable buildings that exist tall till today are evidence of that. Situated between Ludhiana and Ambala, Fatehgarh Sahib is one of the holiest towns for Sikhs on the globe. It furthermore retains a robust past and a cultural tradition of inclusion and diversity. The leaders of this region battled courageously against invaders, and the multiple forts and defenses in the town are evidence of the military and strategic significance of this town. Today, Fatehgarh Sahib is an extremely significant traveller destination in Punjab and has multiple forts, museums, Gurudwaras, and gardens that each have an intriguing past.
History of Sirhind
The 2 young sons of Sikh Guru Gobind (Tenth Guru of Sikhs) were brutally murdered at this Fatehgarh Sahib, during the regime of Wazir Khan. As per the Sikh system, the 2 sons of Guru were shut in alive in a fort wall at Fatehgarh. Though, after the passing of Guru Gobind Singh, Banda Bahadur intruded on Fatehgarh Sahib and murdered Wazir Khan during the 1710. Also, the treasure later was allotted among the needy people and for the renovation task of sacred places in Amritsar. Due to its heartbreaking past, no Sikh emperor wished to acquire the town. Later on the emperor of Patiala Karam Singh constructed a Gurudwara in the remembrance of Guru's young sons. Also, King Karam Singh furthermore changed the title of the location from Sirhind to the new Fatehgarh Sahib.
Places to Visit
Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib
Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, located on the Sirhind-Morinda Road, is a significant divine place for Sikhs. It is reckoned that in the year 1704, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh, sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, shut-in alive in a fort wall as ordered by Wazir Khan, the Faujdar of Sirhind. This Gurudwara was constructed to honor their sacrifice. The entrance gate is designed using white stones and guides to a white marble trail. The primary structure of the Gurudwara boasts of conventional Sikh architecture with white stone layouts and golden domes. The peace and tranquility rub on to travellers and gives them an opportunity to witness an absolutely notable location.
Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup
This Gurudwara is situated on the Sirhind-Chandigarh road and is approximately a kilometer away from Fatehgarh Sahib. It honors the cremation of the mother of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Mata Gujri, along with his two minor sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh. It is reckoned that due to the terror of Wazir Khan, Faujdar of Sirhind, nobody was lending land for the cremation of these martyrs. Regarding this, Todar Mall, a loyal believer of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, acquired a tiny piece of land from a farmer for their final ceremonies. The white layouts and domes are highlights of the Gurudwara.
Sanghol is well-known for its archaeological museum, which has keepsakes and artifacts of the Indus Valley Civilisation. Recognized as the Uchha Pind Sanghol, it is 18.9 km away from Fatehgarh Sahib. It takes approximately 28 min to reach this location by road. Coins and emblems pertaining to Toramana and Mihirakula, emperors from Central Asia, have been found here. A Buddhist stupa was located in the year 1968 at this location. On the major road, travellers may furthermore be curious in a Buddhist stupa and a monastery complex of the 1st and 2nd century AD.
Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj
Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj is located inside the central region of the Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib. This Gurudwara was constructed to honor the cremation of 6000 Sikhs who were assassinated in the fighting against Muslims. It is speculated that the major structure of the Gurudwara prevails on the similar ground that was utilized by Baba Banda Singh Ji Bahadur for the cremation. The tiny white structure of the Gurudwara looks peaceful against the background of Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib.
Aam Khas Bagh
Aam Khas Bagh is the remains of the highway inn constructed by the popular Mughal emperor Babur. Later, it was rebuilt by Shah Jahan as many nobility lived here, on their way to Lahore. Sarad Khana, an air conditioning structure in the Aam Khas complex is worthy of praise. The Hamam is furthermore skillfully planned with unique terracotta channels in the underground for heating water. Yearly, at the time of Shaheedi Jor Mela, a light and sound play named Sirhind Di Deewar is organized here. This event is a must-watch for travellers as it illustrates the past of the Sikh martyrdom in a fascinating way.
Sant Namdev Temple
This Temple is located in Bassi Pathana, which is 6 km away from the city of Fatehgarh Sahib. Devoted to Sant Namdev, this temple has robust sacred devotees in the region. Sant Namdev inhabited in Maharashtra and reached to Punjab during one of his journeys. This place was formerly recognized as Swami Namdev Ji Ka Dera. The current day layout of the temple was constructed in the year 1925. This temple captivates a bunch of believers every year, particularly during the three-day carnival at the time of Basant Panchami.
Mata Chakreshwari Devi Jain Temple
This Temple is situated on the Sirhind-Chandigarh road, in a town named Attewali. The tale of Mata Chakreshwari Devi dates back to the period of Raja Prithvi Raj Chauhan. It is a prominent belief that few pilgrims were wandering to the Jain temple in bullock wagons and on the way, they acquired a Mata Chakreshwari Devi idol, who was a loyal believer of Lord Adinath. After resting for the night, when the pilgrims attempted to move the wagon in which the idol of Mata was held, it did not shift. Every year on the fourth day after Dusshera, a sacred event is carried here, which is visited by multiple believers.
Rauza Sharif is considered as the second Mecca for Sunni Muslims. Located on the Sirhind-Bassi Pathana Road, it is devoted to Shaikh Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi, who dwelled here between the period 1563 and 1624. This location features various tombs concerning to the family members of the Shaikh. Apart from this, it furthermore has tombs of the Afghan emperor Shah Zaman and his Queen. This location with glorious arches and domes has been acknowledged as a historic monument by the Government of India.
Floating Restaurant is a stunning layout floating on water. Located over the Sirhind Canal on the GT Road, it captivates a bunch of travellers owing to its individuality. The floating containers, that encompass 8 suites and a restaurant, are specially prepared to survive water pressure of more than 8000 cusecs. This spot gives the building of an overnight stay to the visitors as it is located in a charming spot.
Ustad Di Mazar
Ustad Di Mazar is merely a kilometer away from the Shahgird Di Mazar. It houses the tomb of Ustad Syad Khan, a popular architect, and creator. An ideal illustration of the Mughal technique of architecture, this spot is certain to fascinate visitors. This layout with an enormous dome has a huge corridor just above the tiny entrance. It is located close to Rauza Sharif which is regarded as the second Mecca by the Sunni Muslims.
Mosque of Sadhana Kasai
This Mosque has been acknowledged as a historical edifice by the Archaeological Survey of India. This mosque is devoted to Bhagat Sadhana, who is popularly recognized as Sadhana Kasai (Qasai). He was a Muslim writer, saint, and mystic. His religious melodies have been comprised in the sacred book of Sikhs, Guru Granth Sahib. Prepared of regional Sirhindi bricks, this mosque boasts of wonderful Mughal architecture and ‘T’ art paintings.
How to Reach Fatehgarh Sahib
Fatehgarh Sahib is nicely linked to different major towns in the territory like Ludhiana, Amritsar, and Delhi.
There is a railway station in Fatehgarh Sahib. Another closest primary railway station to Fatehgarh Sahib is in Sirhind, which is merely 2.7 km away. Apart from this, the Fatehgarh Sahib station is situated on the Sirhind-Nangal railway line.
This place does not have an airport of its own, but travellers can take aviation up to Chandigarh or Amritsar. From Chandigarh, they can grab a bus or cab, which is roughly at the distance of 42.4 km.
Fatehgarh Sahib is nicely connected with different major cities of the state by road.
The Best Time to Visit Fatehgarh Sahib
The temperature in Sirhind is beautiful for the maximum portion of the year except in Summers when it is extremely hot and dry. Travellers reach this town all year round through winter is the greatly preferred season due to the delightful weather.